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The History and Significance of Chateau Mouton Rothschild Wines

Château Mouton Rothschild holds a significant place in the world of wine, with a rich history and a sprawling vineyard spanning 90 hectares (222 acres) in Bordeaux's northwest region. Situated on the Médoc peninsula, the chateau finds itself surrounded by the Gironde estuary to the east and the vast expanse of the Atlantic Ocean to the west, living up to its name as it stands "amid the waters."

The Médoc vineyard, tracing its roots back to Roman times, now covers a vast area of approximately 16,500 hectares (41,000 acres). It is a narrow strip of land, stretching 80 km in length and 5 to 10 km in width, located near the river. The proximity to the river allows the soil to be deeply irrigated and moderates temperature differences, fostering ideal conditions for viticulture. Additionally, the Médoc benefits from the protective barrier of the northern Landes forest, which ensures a temperate oceanic climate without extreme weather conditions.

The Terroir and Soil of Chateau Mouton Rothschild

The terroir of Chateau Mouton Rothschild boasts a unique combination of gravel, stones, pebbles, sand, and clay. This mixture of soil types contributes to the exceptional quality of the wines produced here. The gravelly terrain, interspersed with sand and a touch of clay, reaches several meters deep and rests upon a base of clay limestone. These challenging soil conditions force the vines to work hard, resulting in elegant, powerful, tannic, and long-lived wines that have garnered worldwide acclaim.

Furthermore, the topography of the vineyard comprises hillocks with gentle slopes, typically below 40 meters in height, separated by lower-lying areas. The undulating landscape ensures natural drainage and optimal sun exposure. Notably, some of the most renowned châteaux derive their names from these hillocks, such as Mouton, which originates from the old French word "motte" or "mothon" denoting a rise or mound. Similarly, Lafite refers to a "faîte" or ridge, while Cos d’Estournel refers to a "côte" or slope.

The Diversity of Wines and Prestigious Appellations

As with any exceptional wine region, the Médoc showcases the influence of geology and microclimate, giving rise to wines of various styles and quality. While some wines are content with generic appellations like Médoc, Haut-Médoc, or Bordeaux, the elite wines of the region find their home within prestigious local appellations like Margaux, Saint-Julien, and Saint-Estèphe. Among these appellations, Pauillac stands out as one of the most revered, where the Cabernet Sauvignon grape reaches its ultimate expression, having been first planted in the early 19th century.

The Pauillac appellation encompasses around 1,200 hectares (3,000 acres), and it proudly includes three of the five "Premiers Crus Classés du Médoc et de Graves" (Médoc and Graves First Growths): Lafite, Latour, and Mouton. This illustrious trio finds itself surrounded by 15 out of the 60 Médoc estates featured in the famous 1855 classification. These exceptional wines from Chateau Mouton Rothschild epitomize the pinnacle of quality and craftsmanship, earning their rightful place among the most esteemed wines in the world.

Experience the heritage and excellence of Chateau Mouton Rothschild wines at The Reserve Cellar today.

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The Reserve Cellars. ABN 89621364994 Liquor License 196883. The Reserve Cellar supports the responsible service of alcohol. It is against the law to sell or supply alcohol to, or obtain alcohol on behalf of, a person under the age of 18 years. WARNING: Under the Liquor Act 1992, it is an offence to supply liquor to a person under the age of 18 years (Penalty exceeds $6,000). for a person under the age of 18 years to purchase or receive liquor (Penalty exceeds $500).

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